El Capital Intelectual: Como Identificar Y Calcular El Valor De Los Recursos Intangibles De Su Empresa by Leif Edvinsson; Michael S. Malone at. El Capital Intelectual by Leif Edvinsson; Michael Malone at – ISBN – ISBN – Grupo Editorial Norma – Synopsis: Uno de los más serios problemas que tiene que enfrentar en la actualidad cualquier negocio es la gran diferencia entre lo que muestra su balance.
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For micro-enterprises working in trade activities, assets were another driver of competitiveness, intelectuao compared to other economic sectors, as assets such as investing in vehicles, access to financing, store ownership, and tools were all significant tangible factors to achieving competitive advantages for micro-businesses.
This allows us to infer that efficient synergies that spur greater business competitiveness can be formed through targeted policies to support human capital, primarily by increasing monetary profits and secondarily by increasing market share. Training in product or service quality did display considerably high importance, as well, followed by owner schooling and training in the use of tools. The Hausman test value indicated that in no model was the null hypothesis that the random effects structure is relevant rejected, so therefore the GLS estimators are consistent.
Another difference was that in Micro-2, access to financing was important, while it was not for Micro Greene, WilliamEconometric Analysis6a. It has been assumed that the Controlling Department is the companies’ most adequate area to identify, evaluate and measure such elements, and to provide the managerial information required for the accomplishment of each company’s mission. That is why the random effects panel data technique was used and, as such the constants for each observation are considered as a specific error of each unit and are randomly distributed.
In general, the study conducted for the eight estimated models proves the hypothesis that there are significant differences among micro-enterprises pursuant to various evaluation criteria, such as the economic sector of specialization and size measured by number of employees. Question 56 Furnishings and equipment mob Vehicle Vehi Store Local Does it have a store location, either own or rented? It was the start not only of a legendary company but of an entire way of life in Silicon Valley – and, ultimately, our modern digital age.
Sharpening the intangibles edge. For purposes of estimating the model with the panel data technique, the models were balanced out with the highest number of observations of each cross section for each evaluation criteria. In the economic literature, there have been various proposals as to how to define business competitiveness.
Economic Policy Reviewp. Revista Mercado de Capitais.
Despite the limitations of the data sources when it came to gathering information from the micro-enterprise sector, five variables were confirmed to evaluate tangible factors and ten for intangible factors. The intangible capabilities were divided into human rdvinsson, structural capital, and relational capital. Results A total of eight panel data models with intelectjal effects were run for each of the four economic sectors considered manufacturing, trade, construction, and servicesand the three sizes of micro-enterprises considered by number of employees Micro-1, Micro-2, Micro-3as well as a general model estimated with all of the data and no division by evaluation criteria.
But acclaimed journalist Michael S. The two categories Micro-1 and Micro-2 had some drivers of competitive advantages in common, such as investing in tools, for physical resources, and owner experience, organizational nature, and membership in business ijtelectual, for the intangibles.
Lsif major difference was that in Micro-1, training in business administration was statistically significant, with the second-highest coefficient value of all of the factors studied for Micro Comparing the coefficients obtained with the OLS and GLS combined, there are considerable differences in the parameters that are significant for the two estimation models, so we only analyze the models pursuant to the panel data technique with random effects structure.
The purpose of this essay is to investigate through the Controlling Departments how the Management Information Systems in large Brazilian companies treat investments on Intellectual capital elements.
Tese Doutorado em Controladoria e Contabilidade. We also included experience of and degree of schooling attained by the owner. As the disturbances in the model w it are not spherical, because they present issues related to autocorrelation and heteroscedasticity, we cannot directly apply the Ordinary Least Squares OLS method directly, because the estimators calculated would not display the desired properties.
Singapore Management Review, v. This research discusses the factors that determine competitive business advantages for micro-enterprises in developing regions. Table 3 displays a summary of the eight models with the values of significant coefficients and expected signs. There have been attempts in recent years to discredit the HP Way as soft and outdated. On the other hand, managers have been receptive to adopt a managerial model for that purpose, if available, and have considered the Controlling Department as the most adequate area to manage such model.
Micro-1, with the only employee being the owner; Micro-2, with two to four employees including the owner; and Micro-3, with five or more employees, including the owner. Comparing the general model and the models estimated by economic activity sector, in the manufacturing sector, only store ownership was statistically significant when it came to tangible resources; by contrast, belonging to a business network, organizational nature, and owner experience were all statistically significant intangible capabilities.
The fifth describes the analysis of the results of estimating the economic model and, finally, the sixth section presents some conclusions. As such, in light of the problems facing micro-enterprises in developing regions, the hypothesis of this paper is that this business sector can find in the NIE and the Theory of Resources and Capabilities, specifically in intangible capabilities, the determinants of competitive advantages, using the economic sector and size of the enterprise measured by number of employees as the evaluation criteria.
These results reveal the intangible capabilities involved in human capital, such as training and the level of schooling attained by the business owner, which are significant factors in engendering competitive advantages in the short term.
An additional problem ailing the Mexican business sector is derived from the deterioration of a segment of medium-sized and large enterprises that have faced difficulties in adapting to strong foreign competition following trade liberalization. O Capital Intelectual integra o Goodwill. Intellectual Capital and competitiveness: First, the most statistically significant coefficient in the category of Micro-1 was the intangible asset of owner schooling, while for Micro-2, it was the tangible asset of investing in a work vehicle.