The referenced article was written by Albert Z. Carr. In his article, Carr compares business to the game of poker in which bluffing is okay if all the players know. Editor’s note: This is an excerpt from “Business Ethics Perspectives on in the prestigious Harvard Business Review, the author, Albert. Carr In the same article, Carr goes on to assert the legitimacy of lying on one’s résumé. The Role of Moral Intensity and Fairness Perception in Judgments of Ethicality: A Comparison of Managerial Professionals and the General Public.
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Chris Provis – – Journal of Business Ethics 28 2: Carr seems to take as his starting point a catch That is, if everyone in the business world is bluffing then the only rational strategy for me is to bluff.
According to Carr this is partly good PR and prudent. So bluffing in poker is not considered morally wrong. Fritz Allhoff – – Journal of Business Ethics 45 4: There is no good reason for any business to go beyond xlbert law or to consider what might be ethical if it demands doing more than the law requires.
Like poker, business has its own ethics which are different from the ordinary rules of morality. Patricia Illingworth – – Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 1: As an extreme case in point remember the Italian Tax case.
Both of these are satisfied by business bluffing and so this theory seems to work well for business bluffing. CarsonRichard E. Many of you perhaps are familiar with poker and perhaps have even played in some of the online sites or with friends. Robertson – – Journal of Business Ethics 12 8: Or as Carr more politely puts it, bluff. Typical business practices violate the rules of ordinary morality e.
Here he is giving away their cover! In contrast, if a firm does not use business bluffing; it does not matter how honest a firm runs its business, if it goes into loss, nobody will pay back what is lost. One good example is W. ethicsl
However, within the business field it seems to encounter neither logical contradiction nor contradiction between two wills and thus can be universalized to gluffing business field.
A maxim cannot be universalized if it contains a logical contradiction or a contradiction between two wills. Although, this theory seems logical, the fact is that people in business have no problem with allowing both bluffing and being bluffed.
After all, he seems to be giving them a license to behave just as they please.
History of Western Philosophy. So we can see that bluffing, in effect, guarantees more happiness to more people. After all, that would be tantamount to encouraging them to lie!
But then what explains all the talk about ethics in business? A Framework for Teaching Business Ethics. Ethical Business and Investment: By its own moral standards obeying the lawthese business practices are morally legitimate. Alebrt Model for Business and Society. The poker analogy argument: A second point is that business in general only has the obligation to follow the law. Should they lie, cheat, and steal? A Survey of Future Executives. If one wishes to be successful in the world of business, or in this case even enter the business world, one has little choice but to deceive.
The argument Carr makes seems to rest albdrt two points. Different ethics in business. But the strategy of bluffing is less effective the more it becomes known that you are bluffing or intending to do so.
It is not hard to measure which consequence produces more happiness for people. So, the claim that business ethics must be different to accommodate this is cagr. Applying this theory in business, bluffing can also cause two consequences, bringing more profits to the business or creating mistrust among its customers. Ideally your duty is not dictated by what others are doing but the simple fact is that if doing your duty puts you in danger and would be wholly ineffective there is a good case to be made on practical grounds for you not being bound by your duty.
If in business everyone understands that bluffing is okay, should we still consider bluffing immoral? In Carrs article Is business bluffing ethical? Thus, according to Kant’s ethical theory, business bluffing is not morally wrong. Its Demise as a Subject Unto Itself. But also, talk about business ethics and ethicl of ethics might just protect a business from government regulators.
Yes, people lie, cheat, and steal. You could say that the wide version lbuffing the other hand views bluffing as immoral. Most people think that bluffing both inside and outside of business should be ruled by the same moral standard.
Singer – – Journal of Business Ethics 15 4: It is a part of business that has been accepted by everybody involved in business and still goes on. Thus in the case of business bluffing, it is possible for it to become a universal practice in the business sector.
But, that is the exact opposite of what businesses want.